Asia Small Companies: June 2020 Annual Commentary
It was a volatile year for small to mid-sized companies in Asia that ended with a small negative return of -1.8% in US dollar terms and +0.1% in Australian dollar terms. Our Fund performed significantly better than the benchmark index, rising by 5.6% in AUD terms. The best markets in the region were Taiwan +18.0% and China +13.0%, Japan was flat, while Singapore, Korea and Hong Kong fell by 16.7%, 13.9% and 11.0% respectively. The year has been dominated by three events: political unrest in Hong Kong, trade tensions between the United States and China and the Covid-19 global pandemic.
Hong Kong fell by more than 10% in the early months of the year as a result of civil protests which expanded from an initial objection to the proposed extradition treaty with Taiwan into broader demands for greater democracy. Those protests have continued sporadically into the period of Covid-19 lockdown and most recently in reaction to the national security law imposed by Beijing.
Following months of uncertainty, the “Phase One” trade between China and the United States was signed in January 2020. This should have removed one of the key risk factors that has hindered Asian markets, marking the end of pre-emptive tariff increases imposed on China by President Trump until at least the other side of the US Presidential elections. The agreement was more of a “truce” than a long-term solution for the United States trade deficits with China.
In Taiwan, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) won a second term in a landslide result securing 57.1% of the votes. This was an incredible comeback for President Tsai Ing-wen who recovered from very-low approval ratings and major losses in the 2018 mid-term elections. There were two key factors in the DPP’s success, first, Taiwan’s fourth quarter GDP growth of 3.8% was the fastest since mid-2018 helped by a strong electronics sector as factory production switched from China to Taiwan. Second, the protests in Hong Kong has increased pro-independence sentiment which is a key DPP theme.
Political tension between the United States and China continued to build during the second half of the year, President Trump and senior members of his administration have been more vocal in blaming China for the Covid-19 pandemic. The United States is pressuring China by promoting the interests of Taiwan following the enactment of the TAIPEI Act. Former United States Ambassador to the United Nations, Nicki Halley has launched a petition for the US Congress to investigate whether China covered up the Covid-19 outbreak and supporting Taiwan’s membership of the World Health Organisation. The current United States Ambassador to the United Nations Kelly Craft added fuel to the tension with Beijing by retweeting a message that originated from the US mission in Taiwan, “Barring Taiwan from setting foot on UN grounds is an affront not just to the proud Taiwanese people, but to United Nations principles”. Beijing responded with their usual assertion that Taiwan “is an inalienable part of China”.
Some of the market volatility in the latter stages of the year was generated by mixed messages from the White House. Concerns regarding the state of the “Phase One” trade deal with China were raised early in June when President Trump tweeted that options were open for completely decoupling the United States from China. United States Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer also indicated that a full decoupling from China was possible in the past but not a reasonable policy option at this point in time. White House trade adviser, Peter Navarro in an interview with Fox News appeared to indicate that the “Phase One” trade deal was off. There was a negative reaction in equity markets of the order minus 2%, followed by a tweet from President Trump indicating the “China Trade Deal is fully intact” which prompted an immediate market recovery. Secretary of State Pompeo had previously met with China’s top trade policy official Yang Jiechi in Hawaii with little to say following the meeting except that Beijing had recommitted to the trade deal. This will require an acceleration of purchases in the coming months since China made a commitment to purchase USD 170 million of goods and services from the United States during 2020. At the end of May, purchases by China stood at USD 31 billion, leaving a balance of USD 139 billion in the remaining seven months of the year. These numbers are likely to draw ever increasing scrutiny in the remaining months of 2020.
China’s top law-making body the National Standing Committee passed Hong Kong’s national security legislation on 29th June which will cause further tension with the United States, the United Kingdom and European Union. The United States has started the process of terminating Hong Kong’s special status which will result in reduced access to high technology products. Hong Kong’s Chief Executive Carrie Lam was quoted as saying “I urge the international community to respect our country’s right to safeguard national security and Hong Kong’s aspirations for stability and harmony”. Under the new law Beijing is expected to set up a national security office in Hong Kong to “supervise, guide and support” the Hong Kong government.
The best performing company in our portfolio was semiconductor equipment testing company Advantest, which increase by 104%. In July Advantest released first quarter profits 50% above the consensus estimates of the twelve industry analysts covering the company. Advantest made a gain of 60% in response to those results and has continued to make ground in the subsequent period on expectations of increasing demand for semiconductor testing equipment. Other companies in our portfolio that performed well were plastic pipe manufacturer China Lesso +62% and Japanese house builder Open House +56%, both companies have rebounded strongly with the relaxation of Covid-19 restrictions and improving economic prospects in China and Japan.
Our weakest portfolio holdings have been in the property trust sector with Champion REIT -36% and Mapletree North Asia Property Trust -34%. Champion REIT is a trust formed to invest in grade-A commercial properties in Hong Kong and currently holds 2.93 million square feet of prime office and retail space in two landmark properties. Total rental income increased by 3.8% in 2019, the shares now yield 7% net and trade at a discount of 63% to the underlying value of assets. We are retaining our positions in Champion REIT and Mapletree North Asia Property Trust.
We will continue to invest in Asian small to mid-sized companies with strong value, momentum and quality attributes together with accounting, strategy and governance standards that meet our requirements. Long-term returns will be generated by the ability of our companies to deliver growing profits and dividends.
This report provides general information only and does not take into account the investment objectives, financial circumstances or needs of any person. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Delft Partners Pty Ltd, its directors and employees accept no liability for any loss or damage incurred as a result of any action taken or not taken on the basis of the information contained in the report or any omissions or errors within it. It is advisable that you obtain professional independent financial, legal and taxation advice before making any financial investment decision. Delft Partners Pty Ltd does not guarantee the repayment of capital, the payment of income, or the performance of its investments. Delft Partners operates as owner of API Capital Advisory Pty Ltd AFSL 329133.